Diyala province is include of six districts its : Baquba center , the districts are Al – Muqdadiya, Al – Khalis, Khanaqin, Balad Ruz and Kifri and every districts contains of main area .
The population of Diyala are(1500000) million and a half million people and form a mosaic Iraq with all factions.
The start of formal education in this province since the early twentieth century and Coa_khasha educational signs it. The senior Darren teachers and teachers were in Iraq and the Nctta these homes during the last century Rphita active and hard to maintain and Iraq, thousands of teachers and teachers. It also includes the preservation of the oldest sports stadiums Iraq and also one of the oldest Scout camps, as well as the annexation of a prestigious libraries in Iraq and which have contributed in raising awareness of the cultural and civilization. Founded in which Diyala Cinema (1946) also contributed in the dissemination of culture and openness to other cultures of the world.
In the province now hundreds of primary schools in each district of Oqditha considering the thousands of teachers and qualified teachers are excellent and university graduates in various Iraqi scientific disciplines and humanitarian supply these schools and university graduates after passing the general secondary examination (Bkloria), where Diyala University receive such graduates as well as the reception of the graduates from other provinces of Iraq which they will be acceptance in this university after their nomination by the Central Acceptance Directorate at the Ministry of Higher Education & scientific Research .
5000 year A Trip with The History
Diyala province had a value historical very important, as the successive empires of the Great Sumerians, Akadian , Assyrians and Babylonians and Persians came after them and Alakhminyin , Alslloukion , Alfrthein , then
Al – Sasaon, then opened by the Greek and Arab Muslims in 16 e / 637 m . Then invaded by the Mongols in the late thirteenth century AD. In the early sixteenth century followed Diyala like the Iraqi provinces to the rule of the Turkish Ottoman sultans until the Britain forces entered Iraq in 1915.
The location of Diyala also had its strategic importance as the region is locate on Khorasan road which known with (Silk Road) and therefore it is considered as a bridge join Iraq with East , as well as it historical significance of the urban centers are important in Iraq, where The sons of Iraq from different historical periods, ranging from the Stone Age ancient and the modern , Samarra, Aredo , Warka and, the Sumerian period , Akadian , Babylonian and old age Quiche and Assyrian and the contemporary Babylonian age were living in this country.
Diyala province (The Kingdom of Ashenouna) is considered the land of the oldest agricultural land in the world as well as it historical civilization , as it has a balance of the rarest monuments in Iraq and the world. Discovered of the Kingdom of Ashenouna monuments is by the exploration of America’s mission
Eastern Institute of the University of Chicago. The greatest discoveries have been brought by these mission in the region of Diyala in what was called ( Al – Khafagy & Al – Ashajali location and Hill of Asmar and Hill of Ajrab. Many of Sumerian monuments of various sizes discovered in this location.
For the first time been detected engraved designs, clear and precise for many housing back to the Sumerian period in Al – Khafagy Hill of Asmar and in other locations .
The Cultural and artistic movement in Diyala province
Diyala province, occupied an prominent place in the capital city and at the Arab home level for it history and cultural symbols. In the field of language and literature and literary criticism there was a Giant of language (Mustafa Jawad), born in Al – Khalis City , is considered one of the top of eliminate cultural symbols of the province, which is well known and there is also the poet and critic Ahmed Zuhair al-Qaisi also the great poet Abdel Wahab al-Bayati is the best poet within the Arab home and Born in Diyala province. Sulaiman Al – Bakri is also critical at the forefront of critics and serious modern features is famous in Arab home , He was born in the city of Al – Muqdadiyah (Chehrban district formerly). A poet Mohammad Al – Sedawi terms of Abu Saida area , about 20 kilometers from the Baquba city. And living in Al – Muqdadiya . There is the great poet Gzai D. Al – Taaei. Also we don’t forget the great Iraqi poet Hussein Murad and Ibrahim Al – Buhrzi and the historian Mohammed Jassim Albuhrzi. In the field of the cinema & the theater we had Kamil Al – Azzawi and Muthana Albuhrzi and many others influenced in the Iraqi art movement , theater, film and television.
The other important aspect of the cultural prospect of the province is the side of the fine arts, At the level of Fine Arts there is a group of artists who have played an important role in contemporary Iraqi art movement, including Salman Daoud Al – Khalaf , born in Al – Khalis in 1919 and graduate of the Institute Buzar Beaux Art – French, which is participated in more Domestic and foreign exhibitions in China , Beirut and Yugoslavia. The artist Adham Ibrahim, born in Diyala province in 1934 with three personal exhibitions and five joint. There is also Dr. Shams Addin Faris, born in 1937 in Al – Muqdadiya city with a doctorate from the Moscow School of Art was known for photographic, He is professor at the Academy of Fine Arts. The artist Flayyih Hassan , born in 1941, baquba city with two exhibits common. The artist Hameed ِAl – Mahal an artist born in Al – Khalis city and Chairman of the painting department at the Institute of Fine Arts. The artist Shiniar Abdullah born in 1945 and specialized with Ceramic with two exhibition and many joint exhibitions and works in the field of teaching. The artist Ismaeel Al – Khayat, born in Khanaqin in 1944 and participated in all exhibitions of Iraqi artists association , with three personal exhibitions and participated in exhibitions of Kurds artists. In addition to the artist Nadhim Al – Jobory , one of the pioneer Impressionist school, in Diyala and Munir Al – Obeidi from Buhriz and the artist Alaa Hussein al-Bashir the doctor of cosmetic surgery .